02.09.2015 I am not letting go of Polyporaceae. Here is one Fomitopsis pinicola in the rain today. PS did you know that some butterfly larvae live inside some polyporaceae?

This Fomitopsis pinicola is old and almost completely black. This particular one is in the stage of starting to rot.

We call it rødrandkjuke (Fomitopsis pinicola) English name is Red-Belt Conk. I have shown that it can be in many colors and red is not always there. Sometimes not at all.

I also found this on a pine today.Tyromyces chioneus?

This is also found, not sure yet if it is polyporaceae...

Fomitopsis pinicola in the rain today :)

03.09.2015 did you know that some of the remains from the dry rot caused by Piptoporus betulinus are used in the watch industry as a polishing agent?

info from Cappelen and Halvor Solheim + various sources: The Ganoderma applanatum produce the spores over months and with an incredible number. It drops the spores from the pores. These spores are spread by all the factors i have mentioned in pictures page 14 + by the rise and fall of temperature factors. The reason why so many spores land on top is because they fall down again from wind, temperature and because of the shape of the polyporaceae. Because it produces so extremely many spores it can be fully covered on top and around it.

On it is mentioned that the spores are electrically charged. Because the top hat of the Ganoderma applanatum is oposite charged the spores collects on top.....i believe both theories are correct :)

another important factor that i took notice of is after the rain. The rain washed away the spores. This should mean that the spores will travel by water, streams, rivers and moist.

04.09.2015 Fomitopsis pinicola

This is a Polyporaceae i believe, it is very dark in color on a very rotten log, not much left of the wood. Same color on the underside almost but a bit brown. Not pretty! Got a scent but not any one easy to distinguish. See next Picture :)

underside picture with flash...Spruce log if i remember correct..

Piptoporus betulinus usually starts up as a ball that comes/bursts out of the Birch bark or from an opening. Sometimes it forms from a abnormal shape.

beautiful example of Piptoporus betulinus :)

Fomitopsis pinicola that is old and dry. Almost as hard like wood again. Sometimes they will dry like this on a log, there can be different reasons for this. One example is that the tree`s around it has been cut down. The sun then do its job...

05.09.2015 Piptoporus betulinus cause brown-rot in living tree`s. It continue to live on broken branches or fallen tree`s and develops. The ball does sometimes stop in the development and remains in this shape. This i have seen on standing remains of a tree and fallen pieces. Piptoporus betulinus "knivkjuke" got an Incredible history in tradition.

Fomitopsis pinicola that is altering the level....

Rotkjuke Heterobasidion annosum

Piptoporus betulinus is on Birch and a one year Polyporaceae. I do however see that the ability to last in a form can vary. It can remain with the developed shape for two years. It likes areas with shade and wet ground. You can also find it in more open spaces with some sun. In wet areas in the forrest that got shade it can grow very well and you can find a small broken branch with many fruits shown..

06.09.15 hot dogs and burgers but first a nice fire..

very nice tool for fire and food

A ship on its way. The sea, air and climate here in the south influence the nature in a special way...

07.09.2015 Used my bike today to find some more Polyporaceae and to do some reconnaissance for such..Had with me a Victorinox and Wenger tools for my bike..

Remember this picture and that i was not completely sure what Polyporaceae?, it was not developed yet. I had in mind then Fomitopsis pinicola, see next picture..

Very little doubt now. Fomitopsis pinicola!

This Fomitopsis pinicola is getting old and it is located in an open area with much light and rather much sun during the day. The remains of the log is standing on a wet area because of a close to a brook/marsh. It is still active and the pores got moist..

Fomitopsis pinicola

Fomes fomentarius that is altering the level. It is a nice example on the process. It was horizontal, fell down and became vertical. Now it is horizontal again..

I have taken some pictures of Polyporaceae that i am not sure about for later research. Color of the day! walked around for two hours in the woods and i sank to the middle of my thighs in a marsh. It looked safe but not :) It was a nice experience too..

Fomitopsis pinicola in special development.

Trametes hirsuta, if not let me know :)

Should have gotten a better picture but i noticed the blue color. I was more interested in the insects under it to see. It looks to me a Blåkjuke Oligoporus caesius type

08.09.2015 Slettsnok or "Slettesnok" i have always called it.(Coronella austriaca) is the type anyway. It is sad it prefer heating under warm rocks, i have seen many that are warming on top of rocks, on old asphalt or new asphalt like here. Have seen them warming on sunny places in the woods too. See next pic`s

It got beautiful colors and people mistake them for a Viper. I hinted to this with a straw to get out of the road because many get killed by cars on the road when warming in the sun. It responded and went into the nature again. See next

This was how i found it and i do not know what else it should be doing here than warming itself. I noticed some years ago this snake is redlisted. I have never seen so many before like this year, that is good...

Here it is leaving. Hunting for Polyporaceae i noticed how everything in the nature got its place. I do wonder if everything that can move helps spread pollen and spores too. This Slettsnok got a good size but i have seen far longer/bigger ones..

09.09.2015 usually never do this. It is to show about Fomes fomentarius. The Ranger saw and blade works very well for Polyporaceae tasks.

The tinder part is under the skin, there are different methods for preparing it. Slice of pieces and dry it in the sun or with heat. Or soak it in water and hammer it flat then dry.

my canteen, used my bike and walked into the woods..

interesting developing Piptoporus betulinus

Piptoporus betulinus with knife in it, in tradition it was used for holding sharp devices including knives. It contain protecting substances against corrosion. It was dried...

not the best picture but it is soft and white inside...

Close to the birch the Piptoporus betulinus contain together with the wood a color substance that is Purple/blue and really color the hand..

Sliced some pieces of tinder/trama dried it in the sun for a few hours. Tested it in the fireplace and it worked momentarily. It continues to glow and it is not much needed. This is a great help for catching a spark. If you blow on it it will increase in intensity. The glowing is really hot so remember to take care. I have learned about this long time ago. In general you can use all the parts on the picture. It contain a substance that will last a very long time. The scent is pleasant

Most of the Fomes fomentarius contain the tubes with the pores under. There is not always so much tinder material on them. It is loced under the crust/skin and stops at the top of the tubes.

Insects and polyporaceae, you see many holes from them on this...

use your imagination and look on the Polyporaceae, what do you see? See next picture and i will show what i see!

I am aware of the different families. I call the ones with pores like you know Polyporaceae. Piptoporus betulinus also got pores. Polyporaceae is what most say. Am i correct? : an evolution on them and there are a possible shift sometimes. I would really like to learn more. On the picture is an Fomes fomentarius Polyporaceae.

10.09.2015 Piptoporus betulinus comes with many shapes. Under it is the pore layer. On the right bottom is one example on the pores. Piptoporus betulinus can grow under, over and straight out. On standing tree or fallen log/pieces. Piptoporus betulinus break the tree or branches into pieces.

It comes in many shapes. There are different stages of the fruit inside. Some use it for stropping knives...

The rim or edge on Piptoporus betulinus can vary. Under it was many tiny insects..

Piptoporus betulinus hidden under a log in the shade. Used in the watch industry as a polishing agent and stropping abilities. proved medical abilities on wounds. Antiseptic and stops infections...

Piptoporus betulinus infects living tree`s on openings in the bark. In the different pictures on i have hinted some information. It is a one year fruit. However because the wood is infected it will kill the tree. It will return or erupt out until there is nothing but small pieces left of the wood. It is called "saprophyte" when the tree is dead and it continues to live on the remains. It is a one year fruit but it will continue to live in the wood and erupt year after year on any part. It can infect in openings on living tree`s and it can also erupt from easy openings in the dead limbs or erupt through the Birch bark as well. I noticed that when it erupts from an opening it will have better possibility for continuation from the ball shape.

At this part of the year it seems more active. I recommend for Norwegian readers Halvor Solheim Råtesopper i levende trær og They are experts!

Piptoporus betulinus not so far from where i live. They do not erupt from deep within the wood. I did cut the bark at the place it was attached. See the arrows.

On this example it is even more clear, the wood under eruption is flat..It erupts from under the bark from the outer section of the wood at first.

Piptoporus betulinus, the fresh ones like this i leave on for others to enjoy for sure. The rule in nature is to leave the place like it was when you arrived. Take home garbage if you see....

It erupts through the bark into a ball shape that forms into the well known shapes. It will fall of or hang until it becomes a lump that eventually rot away..

the holes on this Fomes fomentarius Polyporaceae can be Ciidae beetles in/exit holes. Larger exit holes can be Scardia boletella. Information found on varius sources on the internet...

found this Fomitopsis pinicola on my bike ride yesterday up country from the island, it is full of holes that can be in and out holes from Ciidae beetles.

It is ok when it is for a reason, only small parts left of the tree anyway. If a fruit is on a living tree then it is not living for long because it is infected badly. It is ok to harvest from nature and Polyporaceae are not used much anymore. A saw is needed if you want the Polyporaceae intact. It is possible to use strength and break it of.

This Fomes fomentarius has grown weird and there are two holes on its right that it seems something is inside on its way out, i just noticed this on the picture i took yesterday.

This is a fresh burts out Piptoporus betulinus, not the best picture. It was full of moist and i wondered why is this the only one with dew? No other ones had dew on and many in positions that should have dew first. Hmm By the way Fomes fomentarius and Piptoporus betulinus appears together on the same tree, not related to the dew :)

11.09.2015 yes the magnifier on the Swiss Army Knives works very well for research on pores. This is the modern Victorinox type. Small blade, large blade, awl, magnifier, ruler and small/large saw are very useful tools...

Here is my latest find, not sure. It can be Flekk-kjuke Postia fragilis. It was well hidden under a long gone spruce. It got Brown stains on and it actually had some moist drops on that i am not sure where are from if not this. I know where it is :) When i lifted and turned it around it was early stage ones many places. Left it back safe and sound. (Fomitopsidaceae)

Search and you shall find :)

Here is an interesting detail i mentioned with moist drops. Could be Flekk-kjuke. On the very small one a drop came out, also on another small one. Then on the large one to the left there are the brown spots but also holes that are made from drops i wonder? I found no moist drops on this larger one. The one on the right does not resemble early Fomitopsis pinicola.

12.09.2015 Did you know that Postia fragilis will get spots/brown by touch. Hapalopilus nidulans turn purple by soap. Ganoderma applanatum scratches by nail get darker. The size and shapes of pores on Polyporaceae determin type. Fomitopsis pinicola get yellow lines by scratching... The list goes on. Information found on various sources on the internet + information learned and told. For Norwegian readers see " spør en biolog"

I believe Fomitopsis pinicola is the one most important to find and know. Get into the nature and see because then you can discover, explore and learn. For example i found it on most parts on a tree. It can sit deep towards the ground on roots. There is a limit to how "soft" the remains of the wood is to develop a fruit. Then i wonder if the next step on breaking down the tree are done by others :)

It is good training and you will learn scanning. To scan over a larger area when you are in the nature. Everything moving inside this field of scanning will also be detected like birds, animals and more. It is important to learn what areas to look for. Sometimes you can see them from a distance. Sometimes you only see them up close.... Fomes fomentarius on the picture..

remember these two Fomes fomentarius? See the next picture.

on the older picture it was wet on the surface because of rain but they are lighter in color now. It is important to go back after a month, months or a year to see again. They are Fomes fomentarius. Also make mental notes on location and make sure the picture is as close to the original as possible

The same log is full of other Fomes fomentarius and Piptoporus betulinus because they can appear together! Notice where it is broken :) It is important to go back because this is the best way to learn...

This is an old large Fomes fomentarius, not much left of it. It is interesting with all the holes from insects. Some are obvious smaller ones that may be from Ciidae and there is a larger one that may be from Scardia boletella. Ciidea grow and live on Polyporaceae. They can attack old ones but also new. Information from various sources and wikipedia. Fomes fomentarius is a several year Polyporaceae, i have noticed that some does not reach full developed shape. There may be many reasons why a Polyporaceae does not develop fully...

Fomes fomentarius or tinder fungus is often called hoof shaped and this hoof shape is used for identification, together with pores, color, shape, tree, scent and growth you can make an identification. It very normal or common as i see it to find Fomes fomentarius with an incredible number of forms/shapes.

13.09.2015 Fomes fomentarius

This one is fascinating and i do not know yet what it is. I will see...

Two appearing together....the left one is probably Fomes fomentarius. The black ones are not Chaga i believe?

14.09.2015 The resin layer on Fomitopsis pinicola can be scraped off and used. This on on the picture is interesting. It is active with guttation drops and living on a long gone spruce log. Old or a junger example? The color under is light. No one has scraped this or is it insects or a disease on it :)

14.09.2015 In the rain today. Fomitopsis pinicola. The picture should have had a bit more orange. What i am happy about is the red shining through the hat, very close to my eyes. It is Pine and i feel it is a nice example.

I found these during the summer, if you are uncertain then Fomitopsis pinicola are usually the case. I did not do much with these than just picture them. It is on a fallen log and it has been a tree with leaves. Fomes fomentarius grow on tree`s with leaves. This log was full of them(F fomentarius?). I do believe now that these are Fomes fomentarius before or if going back to see better...

Fomitopsis pinicola does grow on tree`s with leaves and conifers. It play an important role in breaking down dead wood and it is important for insects. I have hinted before about how fantastic it is...Today i learned some more by using the internet that Antrodiella citrinella is a parasite living on Fomitopsis pinicola. Not the case on this picture :)

The largest Fomitopsis pinicola i have seen was on a standing root of spruce. The largest Fomes fomentarius i have ever seen was on a extra thick standing Birch that was dead. Fomes fomentarius can appear in great numbers on a log, standing or fallen. Fomitiopsis pinicola can also appear in great numbers on a standing or fallen tree. It seems to me that a thicker tree can make larger Polyporaceae or Polyporales...With Fomitopsis pinicola they will appear in greater numbers in wet land or marshes.

This is only a picture of Fomitopsis pinicola. I found a wet land or a marsh with an extreme number of Fomitopsis pinicola. This area got little sun and plenty of dead spruce and birch. Extra wet during spring, summer and fall. In such marsh area there are plenty of insects that can spread the spores with birds chasing the insects and spreading the spores....Flowing water and some wind will also help the spread. Some tree`s will simply not be able to take to much water and hence new material is there :)

15.09.2015 changing the Level is interesting and it does change the original as well. It transfom into a new shape that is on horizontal level. Fomes fomentarius got a growth zone and grow when on level. Clearly it is gravity involved. See next

if i remember correct this was Fomes fomentarius as well. Here the transformation ended with abnormal shapes if one can all any shape by Fomes fomentarius abnormal, not hoof shaped. Looking on Fomitopsis pinicola and Fomes fomentarius you can sometimes see them in floating shape on the bark.

It is really a challenge for the so called IQ because i have found them changing the level diectly out of the Polyporaceae itself or under like this, connected both in the tree and Polyporaceae. Or atleast so it seems:) Since that in some cases it grows a completely new shape on an old after fall down suggest to me gravity and a mechanism is involved. Let me know!

In my research i did discover that when changing the level from the original a completely new develops. The original one develops a "Shell like" appearance over the where the pores usually are. The Shell are either a protective mechanism or ?

17.09.2015 We have had extreme rain causing flood, here i am at the dam (Rygenefossen) The power is just unbelievable...See next picture

The river is flooded downwards causing damage on houses, boats and buildings....The power plant must be open for safety or the dam would get damages...I live by the river and could see it rising, my appartment is safe.

standing right over/behind, the noise is loud!

small part of the mechanics

20.09.2015 Fomitopsis pinicola today in the sun. It is on a birch and in the sun only for a short time. During winter time the leaves are down and opens more light. On the other side the Polyporaceae is not active after fall. During winter i will research how it survives the winter. Living cells in a tree produce antifreeze. What when the tree is dead. It is mentioned that when a tree is dead it is actually 30 procent more life going on in it! How cool is that!

In the Library i learned that the remains of the rot process helps for a stabile temperature in the forrest. It stores Carbon Dioxide.....

21.09.2015 here is a challenge, i have seen it in the same area last year, this time i came across it at a time when there is still a nice struckture on it. There are two close to each other and this is one, growing in the ground very near the root of a pine. I wondered is this Phaeolus schweinitzii, it is not yellow but lighter, if it is Bjerkandera adusta then i am puzzled. Left them safe and sound, i put no pressure on it either:)Hard to distinguis scent...

This is just Bulgaria inquinans, interesting anyhow :)

This i believe is Valkkjuke Phellinus laevigatus.

22.09.2015 Piptoporus betulinus today in the rain. I have seen from time to time a large hole that could be mistaken for a guttation. I am interested in learning about insects and in this case it could be a beetle hole. There can be different reasons for it as well.

This i got yesterday and it show and speak about some Polyporaceae or Polypores.

It was easy to discover on my own that insects live on Polyporaceae or Polypores and fungus. Beetles are common. The insects are also part of shaping fungus and also destroy them. Some live on dead ones and some are actually responsible for appreance sometimes. They eat on them and influence the appearance. It is not only because the Polyporaceae grow that the surface changes, insects are also responsible.

23.09.2015 Valkkjuke/Flakkjuke/Mattekjuke and Valkildkjuke are difficult to distinguish without further research sometimes. I believe these are Phellinus laevigatus, the left one must be it( Phellinus laevigatus), see next picture....

this one is supect could be Valkildkjuke (Phellinus lundellii)

This Fomitopsis pinicola is interesting, it does show a growth zone that is past the yellow and turing some darker. It is also interesting because it does show that it came out of the wood at two different places, atleast so it seems. The hat is out from the crack in the spruce log, hmmm

I believe this to be Phellinus laevigatus, it got a darker color. Let me know. There are holes in the Ph. laevigatus Beetles and larvea live on and in Ph. laevigatus.

24.09.2015 This is for sure not Phaeolus schweinitzii or Bjerkandera adusta :) I found it today and looked under it, can you believe i forgot last time! It got spikes it seems under it :) I do not know what it is?

Do you remember this Fomitopsis pinicola? Yes it`s been very active and growing.

This i have an idea:) will have it for later research, it is fun!

Phellinus today in the rain, did you know some Phellinus can reach 50 years old age?

i have already shown this that i believe is Valkkjuke Phellinus laevigatus, this is on a dead birch and it was growing on different places on this tree, from low and up to some meters. Some in spots and other in the lager flakes.

There is also a third possible one and that is Phellinus ferreus (kystrustkjuke) This i do not know much about yet. I found it mentioned in "spør en biolog" and Both are excellent if you are interested. By the way you can comment any picture in Norsk or English here. I do not know if Kystrustkjuke are on Birch?

This is from a couple weeks ago, it was extra large and on a long gone birch log. If i remember correct the pores had a labyrinthal pattern, i must look again some time. It could be Labyrintkjuke Cerrena unicolor, it had spots on the pores and it was located in an area with little or no sunlight and wet. See next picture

I should have gotten a better Picture of this "labyrintkjuke" in such dark areas one must use the flash on the camera anyhow. It is the kind of light with or without the flash that the camera starts to struggle.

I took this some time ago and i still believe it is Eikemusling Daedalea quercina because of the size on the top one. There are other Polypores that distincly grow out from cracks on a cut surface log. It is not Teglkjuke because of the shape of pores. I will see later on :)

25.09.2015 yesterday i had a writing error on this picture. It is for sure a long gone Birch log :)

Here it is again, today i used the flash and i knew that at this time of day the sun gives enough light through the tree`s so i could get a good result. Remember that a mental note of the location, a Compass? Yes absolutely it can be used, Your location and the locations of the sun.

28 cm at the widest with two discs. Picture without flash

There is not much left of the wood, i have some pictures of what is remains of bark and how the stub is build, i will see. So far i believe it is Eikemusling Daedalina quercina

On the top you see the Flatkjuke Ganoderma applanatum that i did show some time ago. On the bottom to the right i found today on the same piece of wood what is probably a jung example or one that is strange developed. To the left on the bottom i also found today on the same piece this strange develped something. I know that some polypores or fungus can live together or after eachother. I do not know what the left one is yet?

If you hunt for Polypores then here are some helpful things to bring, see picture. Remember the laws and regulation about fire and heat. You can also use other Things to melt resin. You can have a lighter and heat up metal for example and so on...

Here is another one that i found again today at a different location. Here it got just a bit more daylight during the summer. The blue color must be from a Blueberry. 13 cm wide and it is thick/deep. It is not much left of the wood in a mixed forrest. It should be what we call Musling type and could be a Daedalina quercina Eikemusling. On the other side is a rotten one and a small new one. Hope you like the picture.

One more picture of this i found earlier today. It was brown/dark all over, flat under.

26.09.2015 My best find and do you remember i mentioned a strange Fomitopsis pinicola with what looked like the spores like Ganoderma Applanatum? It appears that this Polypore that is on the same log as them is an Ganoderma applanatum with agathomyia wankowiczi fly, i crawled under with the camera and managed to get a good shot :) What ever it is it is my best find, it made my day :))

Do you remember this pudding from Pictures page 14? Maybe this has been a little slow in development. It is bigger and it is a Fomitopsis pinicola.

Interesting! Also remember it is Deer hunting season, remember to duck :)

In the "den store boken om sopp" Ganoderma resinaceum is mentioned, it got a resin layer. So far i believe this is Ganoderma Applanatum :) What do you say? :)

Here are these again today 26.09.2015. The top one is a bit older than 01.08.2015 (was when i last discussed it) On the right is how it has developed. I have not used the melt test on any yet on purpose. It is to Discover other ways of identification Fomitopsis pinicola or Fomes fomentarius. On the bottom you see how one of them altered the level with correct date completely. The scent has changed. Should one believe it is Fomitopsis pinicola only because of drops? I do not think so. It is very interesting!

Because this tree is on the ground the Polypore that once was horizontal had to alter the Level to become horozontal again. It developed a Shell like appearance on the old pore layer and developed new discs. It got resin that i can see without doing a melt tests. Is this because of the altering or is it not possible for Fomes Fomentarius to develop resin? The scent is also more Fomitopsis pinicola now. Because of all the factors these must be Fomitopsis pinicola. This Birch fell down because of white rot.

Fomitopsis pinicola develops brown rot and not white, so this is strange? In doubt say Fomitopsis pinicola. It is absolutely the most interesting one and the one you should look for :) I am glad :)

27.09.2015 Here is this again, i went back again today for two reasons. To see it in better light and to see it dry! This one must be aware of. No matter how smart the camera is it may get in trouble when wet and with substances on it. Yesterday it was dark or Brown for my eyes too. It is grey! Maybe related to Ganoderma applanatum i am not sure. Let me know:)

Here this again, went back for the same reason. Bluing is usually not an issue with a camera today. Moist, substances and processes may create a film that changes the appearance that is blue. I believe this is a Ganoderma applanatum. Living as a Saprophyte.

Found some more and interesting Things on this Ganoderma applanatum infected piece of wood (leaf tree). Ganoderma applanatum can get several years old. It can live on a living tree too or as a continuation as a saprophyte. Because this log has been turned around by others it is not easy to tell up or down.

i belive the piece of wood is upside down from before, this what i believe is jung Ganoderma applanatum is growing out where the old beautiful one was located.

North, South, West and East. Wet, dry, low, high, slope, steap, flat. These are things to have in mind when hunting for Polypores.

Remember the angle of the sun and location of the sun. Streams, brooks and lakes. The age and type of forrest.

Have in mind that Ganoderma applanatum spores can color other polypores and the nature around it. The spores may mix with water and other and confuse the appearances as well. It can be found with Agathomyia wankowicki flies, i do also suspect this fly or similar can go on other Polypores too.

here this is again with some older pictures of the ones around this Polypore, they are still there. I have discovered that one more of them got holes that are not made by grass or other but by insect. Most likely the fly. Everything is weird about them. Ganoderma applanatum, G. resinaceum, G. australe....I am not sure what it is.

28.09.2015 Today i found these Polypores, the top one is 16cm wide and very thin/flat. I scratched it and you can see it on the picture. The hat is hard. Difficult to distinguish a scent. These must be Ganoderma applanatum.

Picture with some sunlight and flash. The best combination for my camera is flash and some sunlight. The sun did shine on it for just a few seconds. It made my day.

This was hidden under the root and i would believe it does not see any sunlight. Very flat and i believe it is Ganoderma applanatum.

What an incredible invention a bike/bicycle is.

On the picture some Fomitopsis pincola, the right ones with snails. One of the polypores had a weak pink shade that the camera enhanced some. Still it is most likely F.pinicola. The snails i have seen much on such Polypores.

I have an idea what Polypores. The book i bought only show some so i need more literature to be sure. During the winter i will get some more. I like to learn by myself first together with internet.

I did not check them out so much. I liked the looks so much. I would say Fomes fomentarius on Birch but you know there is a Polypore that rules them all :)

The true importance of Polypores may be much more advanched than many would believe. I am looking forward to learn. The number one advice is to look where you live and around. It is important to search and to be there. Use your own mind first. It is also helpful to understand what tools that would be required. It is personal experience that is best. It gives me great joy!

One hint is to follow a river, find out places it stands still. Another hint is that Polypores may also travel from a warmer climate country and settle at places that it should not. Polypores may have advanched mechanisms. Some countries has done advanched studies on them. They had great importance for culture, history and traditions during human history. How will climatic changes affect?!

What will happen with climatic changes? Just a few degrees difference, what will happen? Polypores will be larger hobby and research study for many people in the nordic countries, this i am sure about. We are witnessing the climate changing and part of it if we like it or not.

If you look around you will see what i have been doing the last years. Have used the river and the sea, the islands and the nature where i live. The last year the Polypore interest started again. Everything on my page is real. Before i have also been rather far north in my country. I have much knowledge about knife use.

29.09.2015 today i found this and i will explain my impressions. It had a pleasant fresh scent. Except for the one on top left the pores and polypore was dry. The top hard. It was located on a stub that is dry and warm during a long time in a year. 5-15 cm mostly and the top left one is 15 cm but it is made of several i believe. Not easy to distingush what tree, see next

Here is the top of the large one top left on pre picture, hard top. The pores had some moist because a branch from a small tree growing next to it that i do not believe is the tree type. The Polypore should be what we call musling, what tree i do not know. One of the branches or small tree next to it is oak i believe, so it may be Eikemusling Daedalea quercina, let me know


The pores can distinguish and identify Polypores. The color, scent and pressure can be used.

Here is a Polypore that i wonder about. It was very wet and could it be old and about to rot? It was very dark all over, the top had a few brown areas. Phellinus was the first that came to mind after the first distance look that always says Fomitopsis pinicola. I can not remember any scent. The pore layer was diffcult to distinguish.

Brown rot break down cellulose. White rot break down lignin. The rot processes are heat affected -sommer vs winter. I Wonder if anyone have tried a laser heat measure on Polypores?

Rot produce heat, this i have always known. Temperature, moist and heat produced are dependent. On various sources i discovered antifreeze proteins or cell protecting mechanisms. It would be interesting to research how Fomitopsis pinicola survives extreme cold. It is actually incredible because a spruce log and fungus may contain huge amount of moist and water. Still it survives!

30.09.2015 This morning and it must be Ganoderma applanatum. The left one was very slim/flat. All of them covered in brown spores both under and over.

Pictures with flash show the spores better. Ganoderma applanatum on birch.


Also today i found this again, it is very large and i probably need more literature. On the same birch tree. Phellinus lundellii, Phellinus laevigatus or Phellinus ferreus? It is tricky to see and one side it had thin layer with cracks, the other side thicker and looking like Phellinus lundellii. It is fun!

This one is also a bit tricky, i have an idea what it is. Much shade and wet area. See next

The pores, on spruce logs.

This i must try to find what is :) Bright yellow and almost foam like...

02.10.2015 This picture is a couple of days old and i just took it passing by. On a birch stub. If identification one must have picture under one and how it is placed. Just by my picture it could be Bjerkandera adusta. The pores on this if it is so turn black with pressure. It could also be Trametes versicolor. Remember to take notes on the shape and size!

I found this today already on the ground i am not sure why, could be many reasons. Anyhow i cut this Fomitopsis pinicola in two so you can see the new pore layer that they develop each year. When these are dry they are hard as wood so you need a good saw. This was not hard and its been on the ground for some time. When harvesting them they can sit really hard so you need a saw. The New Ranger can be used for everything.

This one is tricky and very thin so it is difficult. The bark is under so it still got the shape from the bark. All of these was on the same Birch and i thought Phellinus laevigatus. The one highest up is the most developed but thin. I am not sure what it is. Something is going on and it was inside cracks and opening on the bark, also behind...

This is also passing by but i remembered to take a couple sniffs :) It was a fresh scent. Fomes fomentarius scent. F. pinicola do not smell nice at all. These are probably Fomes fomentarius. Still F. pinicola is a dangerous one to forget. Fomes fomentarius got better tinder abilities and if you cut one in two it is easier to see what they are. Both got tinder abilities but Fomes fomentarius is Incredible that said. F.pinicola got resin on top.

Used my bike today upcountry 40 minutes and walked around for one hour for reconnaissance. This is a Fomitopsis pinicola and rather large. Polypore hunting is excellent for using the legs,body and mind. I feel that it is best to see all terrain with constant changing.

03.10.2015 One helpful thing to identify Fomes fomentarius is the porelayer. When white or light it will get darker with touch and scratching. Pore layer develops each year and is white or light that develops brown in time. Fomitopsis pinicola will get yellowish.

On i found some nice info to help me with the Polypores that alters the level. It can be secondary growth and or "geotropisk vekst". Two different things that said. By other words a mechanism. I am on it!

Went back and it is Fomes fomentarius. Took it home, hope i am forgiven. My first impressions correct, it is not resin what i thought but it is a shell like appearance because alternation level. See pictures :) Scent also difficult but more F.fomentarius. Many melt tests and all burnt black, different methods.

The new growth and how it alternate the level to become horizontal again, i will study further....

Please take the time and see my picture pages and my discussion on this and the one on the pre picture. This birch fell because of white-rot. One of the grey puddings had guttation drops. It is now a Fomes Fomentarius. So does Fomes fomentarius have guttation drops?

I used the New Ranger blade it it cut like nothing, now you can see the strucktures :)

Pressure and scratches turned dark :)

Because the F. fomentarius made a shell like appearance over the old pores it gave me the idea that it got a mechanism for altering the level to be horizontal again. It is why i believe it is the same one that changed and not a completely new. Let me know!

It is the ability to make a new layer of pores each year that i wonder about too. If the mechanism on a Polypore is related to stopping the development of the old bracket and change into a new level. The New layer is at correct level. The trama has grown at the old tubes and pores. It is reallly interesting!

04.10.2015 Here is the picture with what i thought was resin but it not, it is only the changed appearance the Polypore did because it was alternating the level. The only conclusion i have is that it is a mechanism. It is like it knew the level was wrong.

This is a picture from pictures page 13. You can follow my pictures and my impressions. How i am trying to learn and just how difficult it is. Feel free to inform or correct me. This Polypore has been very active and changed fast. It ended at my home :) I had to because it had all the features i looked for.

I am not afraid of try and fail. I would say it is how it must be. If you have an interest then jump into it. Be much out, learn and have fun. The core on the picture is small, i should have cut a bit more into the log, it was possible.

The number of pores in one millimeter is important. This got small pores and i must go back one day. Some cracks on the top that is hard. On a living tree could be aspen. Low on the tree, nice scent. This must be Phellinus, maybe Phellinus igniarius. Let me know :)

Some more about this Phellinus: i need more knowledge and i need more time. I found mentioned by Halvor Solheim Phellinus populicola and tremuliae so it may not be P. igniarius. I know where it is anyhow :) It is Incredible fun! Rock on!

Here is this Phellinus again. 99% of all Polypores i leave on because i know how fun it is and to follow them. See next

not the best picture, high up. See how it sit into the tree. Sometimes they can leave a hole that could be mistaken for a wood pecker hole. Not this :) Be careful climbing tree`s they may fall down :)

05.10.2015 Firesteel is a multi tool in itself. This and F. fomentarius walks hand in hand. The best is to cut the trama out and soak it then hammer it flat. All substances will mix. Dry very well and break of pieces. Use the knife and scratch the tinder with the edge for the spark from the firesteel.

Passed by Polypores, i know where they are. Got an idea what they are.

Without a doubt. This is the one you should look for and learn. Fomitopsis pinicola. That said do not let yourself stop with this. You will understand what i mean when you start. Aka Red-belted Conk..

This is an gorgeous large polypore, it was at the end of a small area on the island. I will not study this further and i went back momentarily after this picture. The reason is that i found a finger pressure test on it. Somebody else is following this. It is most likely a Fomes fomentarius. I will let it be :)

06.10.2015 The left one is just a couple days ago.

Here is a larger picture of this one. Guttation drops are common on Fomitopsis pinicola. On this the guttation drops had come out on top of the rim and not only under.

A bit grey weather today and windy. here is this Phellinus again with one of the leaves from the tree :) Should be aspen. The stem is long on them and flat on the sides.. Correct color too.

This is a polypore on a dead fallen tree. This i need to look furter on, i do believe it is a Phellinus!

If it is so that the host tree determin the Phellinus type then this could be Phellinus populicola, it is close to 13 cm wide. Fun anyhow no matter what it is :)

10.10.2015 Today in the gray weather, really happy with these and pictures. Piptoporus betulinus comes in many shapes. They are one of the great polypores in tradition and they look good on a picture.

Also today this Fomitopsis pinicola. It not much left of this root, probably spruce. There is a certain point where the fungus is no longer able to produce a fruit. There are also parts of different tree`s that the inner part may last longer and so on. With Fomitopsis pinicola it may be difficult sometimes to use a scratch test on the pores to get the yellowish result. This may because of stages in development.

Larger Picture(see full screen) of these Piptoporus betulinus polypores. I am glad i was there at the correct time because it is a one year fruit and this beautiful shape may be short :)

11.10.2015 Remember this that i suspected to be a jung Fomitopsis pinicola. I do believe it is correct. This is slow in development and still small. It is not much bigger but is is starting to develop a kind of shape. The rim is actually into the spruce part. It is very strange in form. It is starting to make two new shapes that i suspect will develop new rim`s. A kind of secondary growth because the rim and pores was already kind of developed wrong.

Piptoporus betulinus, the top one i found today. It is a very nice example.

and yes the little twig may have influenced the new shape of the Polypore!

Do you remember this one on the left? I had some questions on it and wondered. I am sure now it is Fomitopsis pinicola:)

Vedmusling gloeophyllum sepiarium. Notes: what seems like guttation drops or tears under it. I do not believe it is because of rain, they had color. A snail under it too.

Large Fomitopsis pinicola :)

12.10.2015 Piptoporus betulinus comes in different shapes but also different shades, some depending on stages on developments that said. I noticed that one have been partially submerged under water during the extreme weather we had. It seems to be intact...

This one is interesting, not sure what it is :) It is large and covers much. On a dry long gone dead spruce standing. white/gray and bit hard, the brown stuff is also part of it. It seems to have pores. Grey weather and suddenly it started to rain much so i went home, very fun anyhow!

A bit earlier i got this picture when the sun looked like it was going to shine through, a beautiful Fomitopsis pinicola on pine. This pine is also dead and standing but more intact with bark and branches on. I guess this tree will be covered in Fomitopsis pinicola in time.

Here is the other pine and polypore i found earlier today. How cool is this! It is for sure not F.pinicola. I have an idea what it is, i will save it for later research and when i got some more info. I got a picture of the pores too but not the best quality. The Polypore was a bit soft all over and with what seems like guttation or tears under it with color:) 3-6 cm wide

If you look up on my Pictures page 15 then you see the Flekk-kjuke Postia fragilis that i got good pictures on the pores. My idea on type on the today find suggests Postia fragilis. How ever i am not sure and i am saving these ones. Left them safe and sound. Ps they are not low on the pine.

13.10.2015 The sun shone through today so i could do some magic. This is not far from my appartment. Not easy to distinguish what tree, probably oak. This is probably eikemusling Daedalea quercina. See next picture :)


Jung examples on the log or not developed.

14.10.2015 here is this again what i believe is on an long gone oak tree and Daedalea quercina. It only got brown with soap and they did not respond much on pressure. There are larger ones up to 17cm on this log. Please take the time an see Pictures page 15. Enjoy the day best wishes from Høvdingen:)

Observations: hard top, rather hard or corked pores. Color on top may be pale and with variations and shades. Pores are light grey to brownish when active. It is a several year polypore. Top got variations and some are knobbly. They vary in half disc shape and they are rather thick. Pores got light labyrinthal design.

15.10.2015 The substrate is most likely oak, standing half tree long gone. The polypore is tricky and many must be under a microscope. This i have a feeling is Kystrustkjuke Phellinus ferreus. I know where it is anyhow. Feel free to correct me on any details.

also some small ones on this....

Piptoporus betulinus :)

23.10.2015 Today i went hunting and i found something very interesting. It is on a very dry spot. Believe it is a small oak root. The Polypore is just a few cm wide and with good thickness. It got colored hair. The pores are corky and dry. It grow special as you see. See next

they are very picture nice. First i wondered if it could be Daedalina quercina but i do not recall ever seeing it with hairs?

Plenty of them...

Piptoporus betulinus, the one on the right is interesting. Clearly something has been eating on it. I know that siphoning fungus can live on them. In this case i am not sure what, if it is insects or an animal. The top covered in some kind of substance.

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03.01 | 15:26

The 120mm continued after the New Ranger. They had Patent and not pat pend. I say pat pend first then patent next. But! Wenger did many variations! :)

03.01 | 15:08

The old Ranger 120mm is from 1991, on my 1993 it is pat pend I have seen it on 1991 too and Swissbuck as well! Wenger can be a minefield because of variations

03.01 | 15:04

It is a superb question. Wenger used different stamps, some because of european laws. Usually the quality and steel is the same. Which is first? Not sure.

03.01 | 14:48

Hi! Sorry for late answer. I have seen many variations with Wenger, please send pic to

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